Police say the women are also suspected of planning to strike a train station in the Paris area or to target police.
Those charged with involvement in a terrorist conspiracy were named as Ines Madani, 19, Sarah Hervouet, 23, and Amel Sakaou, 39.
They were brought before anti-terrorism judges on Monday and remanded in custody.
In a statement, prosecutors said Madani and Hervouet were also charged with plotting to kill public officials, while Hervouet's boyfriend was charged with failing to report a terrorist offence.
The women are believed by police to have been inspired by repeated calls by the Islamic State (IS) group for attacks in France.
This article continues at [ABC] Notre Dame bomb plot: Three women charged with plan to blow up car near Paris tourist attraction